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April 23rd: 6 Things You Should Know About National Sovereignty and Children’s Day

National Sovereignty and Children’s Day (“Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı”) is a public holiday celebrated in Turkey every year on April 23rd. This special day honors the country’s independence, as well as the well-being of children. It is a day of celebration and appreciation that has been observed since 1920.  National Sovereignty and Children’s Day celebrates the anniversary of the opening of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in 1920. This assembly was the first parliament of the newly formed Republic of Turkey. It was formed after the end of World War I, when the Ottoman Empire was dissolved. Since then, the Grand National Assembly has been the highest legislative body in the country. 


April 23rd National Sovereignty and Children’s Day

On this day, the Grand National Assembly is opened and the President of Turkey reads out a statement honoring the national independence of the country. This statement is then followed by a speech from the Prime Minister. The day is also used to celebrate children and recognize their rights. 

The day is marked by many activities and events such as cultural and art exhibitions, concerts, and sporting events. There are also many parades and marches to celebrate the day and the importance of children’s rights. The day is an important part of the national identity of Turkey and is celebrated with enthusiasm and pride. 

On this day, the Turkish people come together to remember their ancestors who fought for their independence and to recognize the strength of the nation. On National Sovereignty and Children’s Day, the people of Turkey take the time to remember the sacrifices their forefathers made for the country and to ensure the well-being of the nation’s children. This day is also a reminder of the importance of the nation’s independence and the rights of its citizens.

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History of National Sovereignty and Children’s Day


The origins of National Sovereignty and Children’s Day can be traced back to April 23, 1920, in the midst of the War of Independence in Turkey. On this day, the Grand National Assembly convened in Ankara to form a new Turkish republic. 

In 1921, this day was designated as an official public holiday, thus becoming the inaugural National holiday of the newly established Turkey. It was Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Turkish Republic, who dedicated April 23 to the country’s children to recognize that they are the hope for the future. Since then, the holiday has been marked with official ceremonies and children’s festivals, with Turkish schoolchildren taking over the Parliament and governing the country for a day. 

Every year, a President chosen from among the children addresses the nation on national television. The Turkish Radio and Television Corporation also invites children from different countries to stay with Turkish families for a week, to share stories and exchange cultural traditions. Finally, a grand performance is held on April 23rd to mark the end of the festivities. 

This holiday marks the progress of the Turkish republic and also hopes for a brighter future for all children worldwide.

How to Honor National Sovereignty and Children’s Day


  • Show some love

Observe the festivities with enthusiasm, even if you can’t be in Turkey. Spend time with the kids in your life today and make it extra special.

  • Talk about it

Spread the news of this fantastic public holiday far and wide. Post on social media or send emails to ensure maximum exposure.

  • Support a children’s charity

Respect the legacy of the deceased Turkish President by aiding children in need. Get them presents, sponsor a kid’s education or volunteer as a mentor.

What are the importance of Sovereignty and Children’s Day?

  • It’s in honor of Turkey

This nation is overflowing with historical significance, incredible individuals, monuments, stunning scenery, and masses of felines in the streets! It truly offers something for everyone.

  • It’s a public holiday unlike others

This national observance is especially meaningful as it connects national pride with the younger generation. We appreciate this link.

  • Celebrations beyond borders

Kids from different nations come to Turkey to observe a special occasion. This is one of the few celebrations that is shared by people all around the world.

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