Rivers are an integral part of our planet’s ecosystem and are one of the most important sources of fresh water. All of these rivers are vital to the people who depend on them for their livelihoods and for the environment. Without them, life as we know it would not be possible. In total, there are over 2,000 large rivers in the world and of those, the 10 longest rivers are listed below.
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The Nile is the longest river in the world, stretching across 6,650 km (4,132 miles) and flowing through 11 countries, including Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Uganda. Nile is the primary source of water for over 300 million people in the region and is a vital source of food, industry, and transportation. The river is fed by two major tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile originates in Lake Victoria, while the Blue Nile originates in Ethiopia.
Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, stretching over 6,400 km (4,000 miles) through Brazil, Peru, and Colombia. It is the world’s largest river by volume, with an average discharge of 209,000 cubic meters per second. Amazon basin has one-fifth of the world’s fresh water and is home to an estimated 10% of the world’s species. The river is also an important cultural and spiritual symbol for the region, with a rich history and mythology.
The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, stretching 6,300 km (3,917 miles) through China. It is the third longest river in the world and is home to over 500 million people. The river is an important source of water for agriculture and irrigation and is the site of the Three Gorges Dam, the world’s largest hydroelectric power station. Yangtze is also an important source of tourism, with numerous scenic attractions and sites along its length.
The Mississippi-Missouri river system is the fourth longest river in the world, stretching 6,275 km (3,901 miles) through the United States. It is an important source of transportation, irrigation, and energy. The river is also an important source of industry, with numerous ports and shipyards along its length.
The Congo River is the fifth longest river in the world, stretching 4,700 km (2,922 miles) through the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Congo. It is an important source of food and transportation for the region. The Congo River is one of the most powerful rivers in the world, with an average discharge of 41,000 cubic meters per second. This river also has over 150 tributaries and is the largest river system in Africa by volume.
The Yenisei-Angara-Selenga river system is the sixth longest river in the world, stretching 4,539 km (2,824 miles) and flowing through Russia. It is an important source of transportation, irrigation, and hydropower. It rises in the Mongolian mountains and flows northward to the Kara Sea. Along its course, it passes through the cities of Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, and Ust-Kut. Angara River is the second-longest river in the system, and rises in the Baikal Mountains and flows eastward to the Yenisei. The Selenga is the smallest of the three rivers, rises in the Mongolian mountains, and flows northward to Lake Baikal.
The Ob-Irtysh river system is the seventh longest river in the world, stretching 4,410 km (2,744 miles) and flowing through Russia and Kazakhstan. It is an important source of food, transportation, and hydropower. The Ob-Irtysh River plays an important role in Central and Western Asia and is a vital resource for the region. Its importance to the region is highlighted by the fact that the river is protected by several international agreements, including the Eurasian Waterways Agreement and the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty.
The Yellow River is the eighth longest river in the world, stretching 5,464 km (3,395 miles) through northern China. It is the second-longest river in Asia and is an important source of food and transportation. The Yellow River is known as “the cradle of Chinese civilization” because it was the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilization. It was also the site of many battles during the Warring States period and the site of many great floods throughout its history.
The Amur River is the ninth longest river in the world, stretching 4,444 km (2,763 miles) through China and Russia. It is an important source of food, transportation, and hydropower.
The Amur River has its source in the mountains of the Russian Far East near Lake Zeya and then flows east through the Russian provinces of Amur Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, and Primorsky Krai before entering China, where it passes through the provinces of Heilongjiang and Jilin. After crossing back into Russia, the river eventually empties into the Sea of Okhotsk.
The Amur River has also been a source of conflict between Russia and China. In the 19th century, the two countries fought a series of wars over the control of the river, and in the 20th century, they signed a number of treaties to define the border between them. The Amur River has remained a source of tension between the two countries to this day.
The Brahmaputra River is the tenth longest river in the world, stretching 2,900 km (1,800 miles) through Bangladesh, India, and China. It is an important source of food and transportation for the region.
The Brahmaputra River is also important for its cultural significance. The river is home to many religious sites and temples, including the famous Kamakhya temple in Assam. It is also an important source of inspiration for local artists and writers.
The river is under threat from pollution, overuse of water, and deforestation. Several projects have been launched to protect the river and its biodiversity, but much more needs to be done.