Zoos are one of the most important tourist centers in countries. The number of species in zoos varies according to the size of the zoo. The larger it is, the higher the number of animals that can be comfortably accommodated in it. For this reason, the largest zoos in the world are the places with the largest number and variety of animals. We have listed the largest and most fascinating zoos in the world for you.
- 1 National Zoological Gardens of South Africa
- 2 London Zoo, England
- 3 San Diego Zoo, California, USA
- 4 Wellington Zoo, New Zealand
- 5 Toronto Zoo, Ontario, Canada
- 6 Australia Zoo, Sunshine Coast, Australia
- 7 Moscow Zoo, Russia
- 8 Yokohama Zoo, Zoorasia, Japan
- 9 Welsh Mountain Zoo, Colwyn Bay, North Wales
- 10 Berlin Zoo, Germany
- 11 Philadelphia Zoo, Pennsylvania, USA
- 12 Bronx Zoo, New York, USA
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National Zoological Gardens of South Africa
In a natural habitat, with a land area of approximately 210 acres in the city of Pretoria, South Africa, it is the national zoo of South Africa. Its uniqueness lies in the planning involved in the structure of the zoo. Some of it consists mainly of flat land, while others are somewhat hilly and are separated by the river Apies, which flows through the zoo. The zoo stands out with its wide variety of species and a total number of animals, around 9,000.
London Zoo, England
London Zoo is the world’s oldest zoo, founded in 1828 for scientific research only. This zoo is also very active in protecting natural life. In fact, their last program introduced at the zoo was the “Tiger SOS” program aimed at raising money to save the Sumatran Tiger. Opened to the public in 1847, this zoo houses 16,000 animals on just 36 acres of land.
San Diego Zoo, California, USA
Close to downtown San Diego, you will discover the wonders of the famous San Diego Zoo. Covering 40 hectares, the zoo is home to nearly 4,000 animals of 800 different species. The terrain is grassy and hilly, so visitors can opt for a 35-minute guided bus tour, and hop off or hop on to view some of the exhibits. The Elephant Odyssey is the most impressive and educational exhibit, tracing species from the Pleistocene era (e.g. woolly mammoth) to modern times. But you can also visit sloths, bears, lions and jaguars in a recreation of their natural habitat.
Wellington Zoo, New Zealand
New Zealand’s first zoo and also the largest zoo, spanning 13 hectares and home to more than 500 animals and 100 different species – most of them are endangered species such as the Sumatran tiger and the Miniature Malayan bear, the smallest bear species in New Zealand. The zoo also takes care of the Asian group “Free the Bears”, lions and others.The zoo works to provide quality enclosures for its inhabitants, which involves solar power, and offers one-on-one encounters with the animals to educate about the importance of nature conservation.
Toronto Zoo, Ontario, Canada
Toronto Zoo is home to 5,000 animals from 460 species from around the world. This zoo has some truly unique activities like camel rides and a chance to touch stingrays. In addition, enclosures house babies of endangered species, such as gayal (Indian bison), spider monkey, Grevy’s zebra, African elephant, kudu (a type of antelope), gorilla of the western plains, and the pygmy hippopotamus. We also mention the presence of species native to Canada, such as the grizzly bear, moose, bison, raccoon, lynx and cougar.
Australia Zoo, Sunshine Coast, Australia
Surely, the wildest and most adventurous zoo in the world must have been created by Australian crocodile hunter Steve Irwin. The zoo offers the opportunity to observe more than 1,000 different animals, as well as encourage direct and unusual encounters with a variety of snakes, koalas, kangaroos, wombats, tigers, elephants. If you really want to get the most out of your visit, book it!
Moscow Zoo, Russia
Why should you visit the Moscow Zoo? One of the oldest zoos in the world, the largest zoo in Russia and home to 6000 animals. Renovated in the 1990s, the zoo expanded its land area to create a separate aquarium and a sea lion pond. It also has different attractions just for kids and a footbridge that connects other parts of the zoo.
Yokohama Zoo, Zoorasia, Japan
Yokohama Zoo, also known as “Zoorasia”, was founded in 1999. Spreading over 40 hectares, this sprawling and lush zoo offers plenty of space for its 1,500 inhabitants of more than 150 species. In fact, the zoo is designed to be very green, and consists of 7 distinct ecological areas – the Asian Rainforest, the Central Asian High Plains, the Oceania Grassland, the Japanese Countryside, the African Rainforest, and the Amazon jungle – all designed to mimic their natural habitat. Because the park is so large, binoculars are offered to visitors at the entrance to optimally observe the inhabitants.
Welsh Mountain Zoo, Colwyn Bay, North Wales
This hilly 15-hectare park was founded by naturalist Robert Jackson in 1963. Today, the Zoological Society of Wales has taken the helm and operates the zoo as a haven for its native wildlife. Visitors can wander through woodlands, tree-lined walkways, and green hills home to gray herons, grass snakes, and badgers. Must-see exhibits include the spectacle of European otters gliding and frolicking in their river and waterfall, California sea lion and Humboldt penguin.
Berlin Zoo, Germany
Berlin Zoo is the oldest and most visited zoo in Germany. Together with its aquarium, the estate covers 34 hectares and is home to more than 17,000 animals. The zoo was founded with the help of King Frederick William IV of Prussia, who populated the zoo with 850 animals from his private collection. It was heavily damaged during World War II, when most of the zoo was destroyed and almost a hundred animals were killed. But the zoo was rebuilt and its survivors – a pair of lions, hyenas, a male elephant, a dozen baboons and a chimpanzee – moved to more natural enclosures and towers, one of which became the Tower of bible animals, featuring biblical reference animals.
Philadelphia Zoo, Pennsylvania, USA
The very first zoo in America was the Philadelphia Zoo, established in 1874. Today, the zoo is renowned for breeding endangered species in captivity and simulating natural habitats for its animal population. Home to over 1,300 animals, this urban zoo is home to a state-of-the-art primate exhibit: the PECO Primate Reserve, a one-hectare outdoor and indoor area that is home to 10 different primate species – such as gibbons, lowland gorillas, orangs -Sumatran utans, lemur, and male silverback gorillas. Cat lovers will purr with delight as they visit Big Cat Falls, home to 12 endangered feline species like the African lion, Siberian tiger, jaguar, snow leopard and cougar. If you haven’t seen enough during the day, enjoy the experience of night camps for children!
Bronx Zoo, New York, USA
This zoo lost in the middle of a metropolis is one of the best and oldest zoos in America. So much so that the Society for the Protection of Wild Fauna has established its veterinary society there, where 15,000 animals located in various American zoos can be cared for. The Bronx Zoo is particularly famous for its outreach and education programs. Visitors can observe zookeepers training and interacting with animals, being fed and cared for, as well as observing certain animal behaviors of monkeys, tigers, polar bears and other residents.