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7 Highest Buildings in the World

Architecture and design have come a long way, pushing boundaries to heights never before imagined. The contemporary architecture utilizes technology to create structures that are taller, smarter, more efficient, and more sustainable. A variety of professionals in the construction industry, including architects, engineers, construction engineers, structural engineers, and MEP engineers, come together to design these modern architectural masterpieces. Here is a list of the top ten tallest skyscrapers currently standing in the world.

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Burj Khalifa, Dubai

Burj Khalifa, located in Dubai, is the world’s tallest structure. Completed in 2010, this building has a mixed-use design, including hotels, corporate suites, restaurants, and observatory decks, and stands 2717 feet (828 meters) tall. Its innovative design and structural system, composed of steel and concrete, is shaped like a flower to counter the wind force at higher levels.

Merdeka 118, Malaysia


Merdeka 118 (formerly known as KL 118 and Warisan Merdeka Tower) is a 118-story high tower located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The structure is designed by architects Fender Katsalidis + RSP KL and is expected to be finished by the start of 2023. It holds the title of being the tallest tower in Malaysia and the second tallest in the world, standing at a height of 2227 feet (679 meters). 

The tower is a mixed-use building, featuring a shopping complex, offices, hotels, observation decks, housing properties, and Marete. Its diamond-shaped glass façade pays homage to Malaysian diversity and is nearly complete, with 95% of the structure having been finished.

Tokyo Skytree, Japan


Located in Tokyo, Japan, Tokyo Skytree is the world’s third-tallest skyscraper and the tallest free-standing tower. It has a modern yet traditional design that combines Neofuturistic elements and traditional Japanese beauty. It was designed by Nikken Sekkei and completed in 2012, reaching a height of 2080 feet (634 meters). Its exterior is coated with Skytree white paint and its core is made of reinforced concrete encasing emergency staircases and elevators. The tower is earthquake resistant due to its integrated mass damper which reduces structural vibrations.

Shanghai Tower, China

The Shanghai tower, the tallest skyscraper in China and one of the ten tallest structures in the world, stands at 2073 feet (632 meters) and consists of 127 stories. Designed by Gensler and completed in 2015, the building is an iconic landmark in the financial and trade center of China. It is a mixed-use structure, containing offices, hotels, cultural facilities, and observation decks. 

The twisting shape of the building offers stability, reducing the structural wind load, and is constructed using a thick concrete core rather than a steel girder framework. The double-layer glass façade helps maintain internal energy/heat and overall enhances the tower’s stability and energy efficiency.

Canton Tower, China


The Canton Tower, formally known as the Guangzhou TV Astronomical and Sightseeing Tower, is situated in the Haizhu District of Guangzhou, China. Designed by the Dutch architects Mark Hemel and Barbara Kuit, this hyperboloid-shaped structure stands 1982 feet (604 meters) tall, making it the fifth tallest freestanding tower in the world. Its slender form has earned it the nickname of the “Super Model”. Construction on the tower was completed in 2010.

Makkah Royal Clock Tower, Saudi Arabia

The Makkah Royal Clock Tower is a mixed-use residential and hotel complex found in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, constructed with 120 floors. Also known as the Abraj Al-Bait Tower complex, it comprises seven towers built on top of a fifteen-story podium that stands 115 meters high, located beside the Grand Mosque. 

The tallest tower, situated in the middle of the seven, is the Makkah Royal Clock Tower, which is 1972 feet (601 meters) tall. The complex features residences, a five-star hotel, the Abraj Al Bait shopping mall, and resort accommodations for Hajj pilgrims. It was completed in 2012 and was designed by Dar al-Handasah Shair and Partners and SL Rasch.

Ping An Finance Center, China

This towering skyscraper in the Futian district of Shenzhen, China was designed by the US firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates and completed in 2017. It stands 1966 feet (600 meters) tall, making it the second-tallest structure in China and the fourth-tallest structure in the world. 

The building features hotel and conference facilities, high-end shopping malls, offices, and retail outlets. By taking advantage of the connection between neighboring commercial and residential districts, the structure is located in the iconic center of the city’s business district. To reduce wind load and the effects of lightning, stainless steel piers were used to give the top of the building a tapered form.

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