When we look at the physical geography of Anatolia, we see the mountain ranges that run parallel to the Black Sea in the north. Likewise, the Taurus Mountains are located in the south, parallel to the Mediterranean. Thus, the inner part of Anatolia has been separated from the north and south and has become a difficult region to reach from these directions. Apart from the coastal region, Anatolia has a climate dominated by weather conditions (terrestrial climate), which is often harsh in winter depending on these landforms. You can rent a car Anatolian Plateau via Yolcu360 to explore the enormous cities in the Black Sea and Mediterranean regions.
The Geography Of Anatolian Plateau
As for the Aegean coast, the contact between the coast and Central Anatolia is relatively easy, as the mountains lie perpendicular to the sea. However, there is a disconnection in the north-south direction due to these landforms in Western Anatolia. For the north-south connection, it was provided with the coastline and the sea. However, we know that some passages are used. But in general, it is possible to say that there is a lot of division in this region. As we will see later, the formation of states or principalities in Western Anatolia has also been in line with the landforms we have described. This will point to the importance of geography once again. As it is known, the climate of Western Anatolia is hot and dry in summer, and winters are much softer. You can rent a car via Yolcu360 to enjoy the sea on the unique beaches of cities such as İzmir, Aydın, Muğla in the Aegean region.
When looking at Southeast Anatolia, we can say that the south of the Southeast Taurus took a very different shape. Southeast Taurus Mountains are literally a barricade with altitudes exceeding 2000 in most places. It is worth mentioning that the temperature difference between summer and winter is extremely high. The region gets higher towards the east and its climate gets harder.
Mountains in Eastern Anatolia are even higher. Already Turkey’s height increases from west to east in general. The altitude here is usually over 1500 meters. The mountains are generally over 3000 meters and the highest peak is Mount Ararat (5137m). Undoubtedly, the most important factor affecting the Urartu State that established its civilizations in this difficult geography was its geography. You can rent a car via Yolcu360 to discover the magnificent view of Mount Ararat and the ruins of Urartu.
The History Of Anatolian Plateau
Anatolian history includes many states and civilizations settled around Anatolia. The Anatolian plateau is also called the Latin name of Asia Minor. The first traces of civilization in Anatolia are found in archaeological finds in central and eastern Anatolia. Although the secrets of the origins of some ancient peoples are not yet known, the remains of Hatti, Akad, Assyrian, Luwian and Hittite civilizations offers many examples of their people’s daily lives. After the fall of the Hittites, Lydians and Phrygians appeared on the western side of Anatolia. The Persian Kingdom was the only threat to them at that time. In the period of Persians, which destroyed the Lydians, the port cities in Anatolia also developed and became richer. You can rent a car in Anatolian Plateau via Yolcu360 to trace these civilizations that set the foundations of Anatolian civilization.
Anatolian Plateau Travel
Later, Alexander the Great came on the stage and took control of the entire region with the victories against Darius III. After his death, all the lands were divided among many of his generals and among the rulers of Gaul, Pergamon, Pontus and Egypt. The Seleucid Empire, which took the most slices from Alexander’s share, raised the appetite of the Romans and the Romans captured the region in pieces. The Romans granted great powers to local governments and strengthened the region by providing military power. As a result, Constantine established a new eastern empire, the Byzantine Empire, in Constantinople. Byzantine initially enriched with smart rulers, but later suffered great losses from management negligence and Mongolian attacks.
Anatolian Plateau importance to the world
After the Turks entered Anatolia in 1071 (War of Manzikert), the Seljuk and Ilhanli armies soon captured most of the Byzantine lands and trade centers. During the rise, the Ottomans conquered Istanbul in 1453 with Mehmet II (Fatih) and ended the 1058-year-old Byzantine Empire. The Ottomans were tolerant to other religions for many years after 1453 and very successfully expanded their country borders from North Africa to Central Europe. The wars with Russia in the following period, the deterioration of the central authority and the uprisings of other peoples within the empire weakened the empire. Reforms to fix the economy manifested itself as heavy taxes and fees and reversed profitable trade. In the end, despair forced the empire to participate in World War I alongside Germany. After leaving the war with defeat, only the Anatolian lands remained in the hands of the empire.
Anatolia continues as a modern country
The Entente States, which consisted of Britain, France, Italy and Greece, set their eyes on Anatolia was the beginning of a new war. The name of this war was the War of Independence, the struggle of the Turks for independence. After winning the War of Independence, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923. Since that time, Turkey’s presence in Anatolia continues as a modern country. As a final word, there are many parts of Anatolian plateau to discover. It is possible to visit the different parts of the Anatolia with car rental alternatives in different cities. The car rental Ankara, car rental Istanbul and car rental Izmir alternatives will be helpful for you to discover Anatolia deeply.